Buddha Purnima 2021- Date | Celebration | History

Buddha purnima

Buddha Purnima 2021

Buddha Purnima is the Buddhist calendar’s holiest day. It is the Buddhists’ most prime festival, which is celebrated with great zeal.

Buddha Purnima/ Vesak falls on the first full moon of the fourth lunar month in the Chinese calendar. The Gregorian calendar’s date varies from year to year, but it is usually in May.

The festival commemorates Gautama Buddha’s birth, enlightenment, and death and is observed by the Buddhist community throughout the country and Sri Lanka, Indonesia, and Malaysia.

When Is Buddha Purnima 2021 Celebrated?

Date Festival  States
Wednesday, 26 May 2021 Buddha Purnima Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Jammu Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Uttarakhand, Maharashtra, Andaman, and Nicobar

Buddha Purnima 2021: Purnima Tithi

On May 25, 2021, at 20:29, the Purnima Tithi begins and ends at 16:43 on May 26, 2021.

Devotees visit temples, pray to Lord Buddha, and give alms to the needy on this day. Some devotees also fast, meditate and read from the Bible.

It is commemorated as Buddha attained nirvana (salvation) under the Mahabodhi tree in Bodh Gaya.

History of Buddha Purnima’s

Vesak has been a traditional Mahayana Buddhist celebration for centuries. According to the Theravada Tripitaka scriptures, Gautam Buddha was born in Lumbini in 563 BCE. Vesak was previously known as Buddha Purnima in 1950. It was decided at the World Fellowship of Buddhists’ first conference.¬†

Vesak celebrations were designated as Buddha Jayanti in 1999. For Buddhists, Vesak is a momentous day. Buddha’s birth, death, and enlightenment are commemorated on this day. It is one of the most widely observed festivals in the Buddhist community.

Celebration of Vesak

On the festival day, Buddha idols are worshipped, and prayer meetings are held. Devotees pay visits to Buddhist shrines, recite Buddhist scriptures, and participate in religious debates and group meditations.

buddha jayanti

The Mahabodhi temple in Bodhgaya is decorated with colorful decorations for the festival, and special prayers are held under the Bodhi tree, where Gautama Buddha attained enlightenment. On this occasion, the national museum in Delhi allows visitors to view the holy relics of Lord Buddha. On the festival day, a sweet dish called ‘Kheer’ is prepared with rice and milk.


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Why do we celebrate Buddha Jayanti?

For Buddhists, Buddha Jayanti is the most important day because it is believed that three major events in the Buddha’s life occurred on this day: his birth, enlightenment, and death, or Paranirvana. Thrice Blessed Festival is the name given to this day.

What does Buddha Jayanti celebrate?

Vesak commemorates Buddha’s enlightenment and death and is observed during the full moon of May. A procession takes place in the morning at Lumbini, followed by a formal program of cultural events during the day, and thousands of lamps are lit at night at the Mayadevi Temple.

What is the date of birth of Buddha?

According to an inscription on a pillar erected by the Mauryan Emperor Asoka in 249 BC, the Lord Buddha was born in Lumbini in the Terai plains of southern Nepal in 623 BC.

How is Buddha Day celebrated?

Meditation, abiding by the eight precepts and bathing the Buddha are all examples of Buddhist celebrations.